At the time this article was published, I was working at an acute inpatient psychiatric hospital under an NIMH Grant. Today I would rename this article, Building Ego Skills for New Choices. Since Depth Psychology training I have come to understand that hopelessness must be related to, not tuned out. However, these conscious skills can be confidence building and are easily adapted to assist all levels of learning. I later used these in my community outreach, including the Cleveland House of Correction, family conferences and schools.